|Pereboom, 2005, "The Problem of Evil," The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion, p. 155.|
Now, consider the fact that studies have shown that physical punishment is not effective and is actually harmful to kids. In light of these studies, and given that natural evil is a form of physical punishment (i.e., an action intended to cause physical discomfort or pain to correct behavior), it follows that God is allowing a discipline method that is not only ineffective but also harmful to us. That is:
- Natural evil is physical punishment from God. [the punishment theodicy]
- Physical punishment is an ineffective and harmful discipline method.
- Therefore, God is allowing us to be disciplined in an ineffective and harmful way.