- Computing machines can think like us only if a machine can run a program for Chinese and thereby come to understand Chinese.
- A machine can run a program for Chinese without thereby coming to understand Chinese.
- Therefore, machines cannot think like us. (That is, machines can follow syntactic rules to manipulate symbols, but they do not have an understanding of meaning or semantics.)
Watson is able to answer Jeopardy questions by testing hypotheses. Isn't that how we think (at least sometimes)? If so, does that mean that Watson can think like us? In other words, if we can't tell whether it is Watson or a human being who is answering Jeopardy questions, does that mean that Watson has a mind?