After quoting Johnson and Blair on this point, Goodwin (2011, p. 287) writes:
we are dependent on others for much of what we know, since we don't have the time to investigate everything for ourselves, and many things are accessible only through the testimony of others.From the fact that we sometimes reason by relying on other people's testimony and/or opinions, does it follow that this is how we ought to reason?
Goodwin (2011, p. 287) goes on to write:
philosophers have therefore shifted the appeal to authority out of the category of fallacy and accepted it instead as a potentially sound form of argument.Even if we are dependent on the testimony of others, such as experts, does it follow that the appeal to authority is a sound form of argument?
|Is this a sound argument?|
|Is this a cogent argument?|