- Different societies have different moral codes. [empirical claim about societies]
- There is no objective standard that can be used to judge one societal code better than another. [meta-ethical claim about moral codes]
- The moral code of our own society has no special status; it is merely one among many. [meta-ethical claim about moral codes]
- There is no “universal truth” in ethics; that is, there are no moral truths that hold for all people at all times. [meta-ethical claim about moral truths]
- The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society’ that is, if the moral code of a society says that a certain action is right, then that action is right, at least within that society. [normative claim about what is right/wrong]
- It is mere arrogance for us to try to judge the conduct of other peoples. We should adopt an attitude of tolerance toward the practices of other cultures. [normative claim about tolerance]
Imagine a world with many different societies very much like our own world. Unlike our world, however, all the societies in this world have converged on moral code X. These societies have never communicated with one another. But, it just so happens that all of them have adopted moral code X as their societal moral code. This is just a contingent fact about this world.Now, the question is whether moral code X is universal in this world? What would a relativist say about this scenario?