- p is true
- S believes that p
- If p weren't true, S wouldn't believe that p
- If p were true, S would believe that p
Take, for example, the recent meteorite impact in Russia.
Suppose that Vladimir Zhirinovsky is right, i.e., the meteorite impact was not a meteor at all but rather the Americans testing a new weapon. Presumably, even if the impact was not a weapon, but rather a meteor, Zhirinovsky would still believe that it was a weapon. If so, does that mean that Zhirinovsky's belief does not track truth, and thus can never amount to knowledge? Is this true of conspiracy theories in general?